Stout, appeared in Ireland and England in the 17th century. It was considered a stronger version of port, with the name “stout” referring to its potency.
In most cases, stouts are darker, coffee-colored, and IPAs are lighter, caramel or amber. This is because most stouts are composed of roasted barley or other chocolate-colored malts. IPAs are usually made up of lighter malts and thus have a different color.
While stouts are always dark, black IPAs have the same dark appearance. This is where things get confusing! These IPAs contain the roasted malts you might find in a stout, but their hop flavor is more consistent with that of an IPA.